Read the desperate sea letter to president Roosewelt as well as excerpts from the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees 1951. The sea letter to president Roosevelt was send by passangers of another refugee ship that was refused to land. The sea letter ends with the sentence: „We ask for help confiding in your humanity“.
How could refugees argument today and why?
The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees met at the European Office of the United Nations in Geneva from 2 to 25 July 1951. Governments of 26 States were represented by delegates.
Here are some of the recommendations that the conference adopted unanimously:
B (Principle of unity of the family)
considering that the unity of the family, the natural and fundamental group unit of society, is an essential right of the refugee, and that such unity is constantly threatened, and
noting with satisfaction that, according to the official commentary of the ad hoc Committee on Statelessness and Related Problems (E/1618, p. 40), the rights granted to a refugee are extended to members of his family,
recommends Governments to take the necessary measures for the protection of the refugee’s family especially with a view to:
C (Welfare services)
considering that, in the moral, legal and material spheres, refugees need the help of suitable welfare services, especially that of appropriate nongovernmental organizations,
recommends Governments and inter-governmental bodies to facilitate, encourage and sustain the efforts of properly qualified organizations.
D (International co-operation in the field of asylum and resettlement)
considering that many persons still leave their country of origin for reasons of persecution and are entitled to special protection on account of their position,
recommends that Governments continue to receive refugees in their territories and that they act in concert in a true spirit of international cooperation in order that these refugees may find asylum and the possibility of resettlement.
E (Extension of treatment provided by the Convention)
expresses the hope that the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees will have value as an example exceeding its contractual scope and that (1) Headline added. 12 c o n v e n t i o n a n d p r o t o c o l all nations will be guided by it in granting so far as possible to persons in their territory as refugees and who would not be covered by the terms of the Convention, the treatment for which it provides.
definition of the term “refugee”
A. For the purposes of the present Convention, the term “refugee” shall apply to any person who:
B.(1) For the purposes of this Convention, the words “events occurring CHAPTER I: General Provisions c o n v e n t i o n a n d p r o t o c o l 15 before 1 January 1951” in article 1, section A, shall be understood to mean either:
(2) Any Contracting State which has adopted alternative (a) may at any time extend its obligations by adopting alternative (b) by means of a notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
prohibition of expulsion or return (“refoulement”)